Camellia oil is rich in squalane which is important in maintaining smooth and supple skin and contains UV protection properties. Squalene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that produces oxygen when combined with water. Squalene is a hydrogenated form of squalane and for decades was taken from deep sea shark liver oil and then hydrogenated to create squalane. A much better renewable source of squalane is derived from nut and fruit oil. Camellia oil is the richest in vitamins and anti-oxidants of all oils and is a dry oil; it sinks right into your skin. My favorite ingredient and in HollyBeth Organics products. This little beauty just bloomed, rather late for camellia blooms in Georgia.